Tratado De Paz Peace Agreement

The subcommittee on the gender of peace negotiations is unique in the world. In mid-2014, when discussions on the victims` agreement were launched, negotiators announced the creation of the Gender Subcommittee to ensure a gender-based approach in the partial agreements that have been concluded now and in future agreements. Other parallel developments were the empowerment of Aboriginal women, who created the first National Commission for Aboriginal Women. Women were also able to create the first permanent space for dialogue between civil society and the security sector. [91] For the agreement to be adopted, votes for at least 13% of voters had to be cast (i.e. 4,396,626 votes out of a total of 34,899,945 registered[9]) and the votes prevailed. However, Law 1 of 2016 would not enter into force until after the ratification of the final agreement in the referendum of 2 October 2016. The final agreement, promulgated on 24 August, provides guarantees for the new political party or movement to be created by the demobilized FARC after the end of the dismantling process. Farc representatives would formally register their new political movement before the National Electoral Council and present their founding act, party statutes, code of ethics, ideological platform and the appointment of their leadership. As a result of this formal registration, the new party would be recognized as a legally constituted and recognized party under Colombian law, and it would have to meet all legal requirements to remain a legally registered party, with the exception of membership requirements and, until 2026, the electoral threshold (3% of the national vote) necessary for the other parties in order to preserve its legal status. To facilitate the transformation of the FARC into a political party, it would receive public financial aid of 10% of the annual budget for political parties by 2026 and 5% of that budget by 2022. Presidential candidates and senators from the new party would receive public funds for the 2018 and 2022 elections.

As part of the safeguards for non-repeated measures, the government would take steps to strengthen mechanisms to promote human rights and mechanisms to protect human rights organizations and defenders. These include promoting a culture of human rights for peace and reconciliation, strengthening national information and human rights monitoring systems, implementing human rights education, strengthening human rights organizations, developing a comprehensive safeguard protocol for human rights organizations. , increased cooperation with the Attorney General to pursue complaints and investigations. , the implementation of a national human rights plan, the adoption of legal measures and amendments to protect social protests and mobilizations, and the creation of a human rights advisory commission for the government and public institutions. [122] In August, the first meeting between twelve victims of the conflict and negotiators took place in Havana, an event celebrated as a very symbolic and solemn exchange between the victims face to face with their victims. [42] In a joint statement on the occasion, the two sides stated that the victims were at the heart of the agreement.