An example of both speculative and speculative is that of an investment fund or a separately managed account, whose objective is to track the performance of a stock market index such as the stock index S-P 500. The portfolio manager “equits” cash stocks or involuntary cash inflows often in a simple and inexpensive way by investing in futures on the S-P 500 stock indexes. As a result, the portfolio commitment in the index, which is consistent with the fund`s objective or the investment objective in account, without the need to purchase an appropriate share of each of the 500 individual shares. It also maintains balanced diversification, maintains a larger share of the assets invested in the market and helps to reduce errors in tracking the fund/account`s performance. If it is economically feasible (an effective number of shares of each position within the fund or account can be purchased), the portfolio manager can close the contract and buy each share.  The situation in which the price of a product for future delivery is higher than the expected spot price is called Contango. Markets are considered normal when futures prices are higher than the current spot price and far-flung futures contracts exceed near-programmed futures. Conversely, the price of a product for future delivery is lower than the expected spot price as a downward movement. Similarly, markets are referred to as being reversed when futures prices are below the current spot price and futures are less than near-programmed futures. In this case, the corn cannon that buys the futures on the December corn in July will lose 50 cents a bushel on its futures trading, but will benefit from buying corn for only $2.50 a bushel in December on the open market. It is relatively easy to start trading futures.
Open an account with a broker that supports the markets you want to trade. A futures broker will probably ask for your experience in investing, income and net assets. These questions are designed to determine the level of risk that the broker will allow you to take into account in terms of margin and positions. The social benefits of futures markets are mainly taken into account in the transfer of risk and increased liquidity between traders who have different risk and time preferences, for example, from hedger to speculator.  The larger the leverage, the greater the profits, the greater the potential loss: a 5 percent price change can lead an investor who has 10:1 to win or lose 50 percent of his investments. This volatility means that speculators need discipline to avoid exposing themselves to undue risk in futures trading. There is no industry standard for commission and commission structures in futures trading. Each broker offers different services. Some offer a lot of research and advice, while others simply give you a quote and a diagram.
Convenience yield is not easy to observe or measure, so it is often calculated when and you are known as the foreign return paid by investors who sell on the spot at forward price arbitrage.  Dividend or yield yields are easier to observe or estimate and can be integrated in the same way:  The FIA estimates that 6.97 billion futures contracts were traded in 2007, an increase of almost 32% over 2006.